To about 5 ft (1.5 m).
- Fin spines absent
- Dorsal spots absent
- First and second dorsal fins nearly equal in size; second dorsal fin much larger that anal fin
- Teeth pavementlike, noncutting
- Eyes large, oval-shaped, catlike; prominent spiracle behind eyes
- Color olive-gray to brown above, yellowish- or grayish-white below
- Interdorsal ridge
Massachusetts to Florida, including Gulf of Mexico, possibly Caribbean Sea. Uncommon north of Massachusetts.
Coastal; bays and nearshore waters, usually <60 ft (18 m) but down to 660 ft (200 m) or deeper; primarily near or on bottom.
Text descriptions taken from:
Guide to Sharks, Tunas, & Billfishes
of the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico