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NEFSC Apex Predators Program

PUBLICATIONS

Aires-da-Silva, A. 2008. Population dynamics of blue shark Prionace glauca in the North Atlantic. Ph.D. Dissertation. School of Aquatic and Fishery Science, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Aires-da-Silva, A.M. and V.F. Gallucci. 2007. Demographic and risk analyses applied to management and conservation of the blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the North Atlantic Ocean. Marine and Freshwater Research. 58:570-580.

Aires-da-Silva, A., M.N. Maunder, V.F. Gallucci, N.E. Kohler, and J.J. Hoey. 2009. A spatially structured tagging model to estimate movement and fishing mortality rates for the blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the North Atlantic Ocean. Marine and Freshwater Research. 60:1029-1043.

Aires-da-Silva, A., I. Taylor, A.E. Punt, V.F. Gallucci, N.E. Kohler, P.A. Turner, R. Briggs, and J.J. Hoey. 2005. A framework for estimating movement and fishing mortality rates of the blue shark, Prionace glauca, in the North Atlantic from tag-recapture data. Collected Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 58(3):1073-1086.

Ardizzone D, G.M Cailliet, L.J. Natanson, A.H. Andrews, L.A. Kerr and T.A. Brown. 2007. Application of bomb radiocarbon chronologies to shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) age validation. Environ Biol Fishes. 77(3-4):355-366.

Belcher, C. 1994. Evaluating Longline Surveys for Producing Abundance Estimates of Large Coastal Sharks. Masters Thesis, University of Rhode Island, Kingston. 113 p.

Belcher, C. and T. Sheirling. 2002. Preliminary Findings for Georgia's Shark Nursery Study, a Part of the Cooperative Atlantic States Shark Pupping and Nursery (COASTSPAN) Survey. Pages 94-97 in C.T. McCandless, H.L.Pratt Jr., and N.E. Kohler (eds.), Shark nursery grounds of the Gulf of Mexico and the East Coast waters of the United States: an overview. An internal report to NOAA's Highly Migratory Species Division. NOAA Fisheries Narragansett Lab, 28 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, RI.

Benavides, M.T., Horn, R.L. Feldheim, K.A., Shivji, M.S., Clarke, S.C., Wintner, S. Natanson, L., Braccini, M., Boomer, J.J., Gulak, S.J.B., and Chapman, D. 2011. Global phylogeny of the dusky shark Carcharhinus obscurus: implications for fisheries management and monitoring in the shark fin trade. Endang Species Res 14:13-22.

Borucinska, J., N.E. Kohler, L.J. Natanson and G.B. Skomal. 2002. Pathology associated with retained fishing hooks in blue sharks (Prionace glauca) (Linnaeus, 1758) with implications for their conservation. J. of Fish Diseases 25:515-521.

Cailliet, G.M., H.F. Mollet, G.C. Pittenger, D. Bedford and L.J. Natanson. 1992. Growth and demography of the Pacific angel shark (Squatina californica), based upon tag returns off California. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 43: 1313-1330.

Cailliet, G.M., L.J. Natanson, B.A. Welden and D.A. Ebert. 1985. Preliminary studies on the age and growth of the white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, using vertebral bands. Mem. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 9; pp. 49-60.

Caira, J.N., G.W. Benz, J. Borucinska and N.E. Kohler. 1997. Pugnose eels, Simenchelys parasiticus (Synaphobranchidae) from the heart of a shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus (Lamnidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 49:139-144.

Campana, S.E., W.J. Joyce, L. Marks, P. Hurley, L.J. Natanson, N.E. Kohler, C.F. Jensen, J.J. Mello, H.L. Pratt, Jr., S. Myklevoll, and S. Harley. 2008. The Rise and Fall (Again) of the Porbeagle Shark Population in the Northwest Atlantic. In: Sharks of the Open Ocean: Biology, Fisheries and Conservation. Eds. M. Camhi, E.K. Pikitch, and E. Babcock. Fish. Aquatic Resources Series 13: 536 pp.

Campana, S.E., W. Joyce, L. Marks, L.J. Natanson, N.E. Kohler, C.F. Jensen, J.J. Mello, H.L. Pratt, Jr., and S. Myklevoll. 2002. Population Dynamics of the Porbeagle in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 22:106-121.

Campana, S.E., L. Marks, W. Joyce, and N.E. Kohler. 2005. Catch, bycatch and indices of population status of blue sharks (Prionace glauca) in the Canadian Atlantic. ICCAT Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. 58(3): 891-934.

Campana, S.E., L. Marks, W. Joyce, and N.E. Kohler. 2006. Effects of recreational and commercial fishing on blue sharks (Prionace glauca) in Atlantic Canada, with inferences on the North Atlantic population. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 63:670-682.

Campana, S.E., L.J. Natanson and S. Myklevoll. 2002. Bomb Dating and Age Determination of Large Pelagic Sharks. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59:450-455.

Carlson, J.K., E. Cortés, J.A. Neer, C.T. McCandless, and L.R. Beerkircher. 2008. The status of the United States population of night shark, Carcharhinus signatus. Marine Fisheries Review 70(1):1-13.

Carlson, J.K., C.T. McCandless, E. Cortés, R.D. Grubbs, K.I. Andrews, M. A. MacNeil, and J.A. Musick. 2009. An update on the status of the sand tiger shark, Carcharias taurus, in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-585, 23 pp.

Carrier, J.C. and H.L. Pratt, Jr. 1998. Habitat management and closure of a nurse shark breeding and nursery ground. Fisheries Research 39:209-213.

Carrier, J.C., H.L. Pratt, Jr. and L.K. Martin. 1994. Group Reproductive Behaviors in Free-Living Nurse Sharks, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Copeia. 3:646-656.

Casey, J.G. 1985. Trans-Atlantic migrations of the blue shark: a case history of cooperative shark tagging. In: R.H. Stroud (ed.), World angling resources and challenges, pp. 253-267. Proceedings of the First World Angling Conference, Cape d'Agde, France, September 12-18, 1984.

Casey, J.G. and N.E. Kohler. 1992. Tagging studies on the shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the Western North Atlantic. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43:45-60.

Casey, J.G. and L.J. Natanson. 1992. Revised estimates of age and growth of the sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) from the western North Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49:1474-1477.

Casey, J.G. and H.L. Pratt, Jr. 1985. Distribution of the white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, in the western North Atlantic. Southern California Academy of Science Memoirs 9:2-14.

Casey, J.G., H.L. Pratt, Jr., and C.E. Stillwell. 1985. Age and growth of the sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) from the western North Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42(5):963-975.

Curtis, T. 2001. Distribution of smooth dogfish (Mustelus canis) in Delaware Bay. CMER Intern Report. Long Island University/Southampton College, Southampton, New York.

Damon, K.B. 1996. Locations of sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) nursery and pupping grounds along the east coast of the United States. Master's Thesis. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI.

DeAngelis, B.M. 2006. The distribution of elasmobranchs in St. Thomas and St. John, United States Virgin Islands with an emphasis on shark nursery areas. Master's Thesis, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island. 110p.

DeAngelis, B.M., C.T. McCandless, N.E. Kohler, C.W. Recksiek, and G.B. Skomal. 2008. First characterization of shark nursery habitat in the United States Virgin Islands: evidence of habitat partitioning by two shark species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 358:257-271.

Downing, S. 2004. The habitat preferences of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus) in Delaware Bay. CMER Intern Report. Long Island University/Southampton College, Southampton, New York.

Ebert, D.A., L.J.V. Compagno and L.J. Natanson. 1987. Biological notes on the Pacific Sleeper shark, (Somniosus pacificus - chondricthyes: Squalidae). California Fish and Game 73(2):117-123.

Estrada, J.A., A.N. Rice, L.J. Natanson, and G.B. Skomal 2008 Use of isotopic analysis of vertebrae in reconstructing ontogenetic feeding ecology in white sharks. Ecology 87(4): 829-834.

Ferreira, A.R. 1997. An Assessment of Fisheries Impacting Juvenile Sandbar Sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus) in Delaware Bay: Implications for Managing Shark Nursery Habitat. Masters Thesis, University of Rhode Island, Kingston. 152 p.

Francis, M.P., L.J. Natanson, and S. Campana. 2008. The Biology and Ecology of the Porbeagle Shark, Lamna nasus. In: Sharks of the Open Ocean: Biology, Fisheries and Conservation. Eds. M. Camhi, E.K. Pikitch, and E. Babcock. Fish. Aquatic Resources Series 13: 536 pp.

Gervelis, B.J. 2005. Age and growth of the thresher shark, Alopias vulpinus, in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Master's Thesis. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island.

Jensen, C.F., L.J. Natanson, H.L. Pratt, Jr., N.E. Kohler and S.E. Campana. 2002. The Reproductive Biology of the Porbeagle Shark (Lamna nasus) in the Western North Atlantic Ocean. Fish. Bull. 100(4): 727-738.

Jensen, C.F., T. Thorpe, M.L. Moser, J.J. Francesconi, G.A. Hopkins, and D. Beresoff. 2002. Shark Nursery Areas in North Carolina State Waters. Pages 61-73 In: C.T. McCandless, H.L.Pratt Jr., and N.E. Kohler (editors), Shark nursery grounds of the Gulf of Mexico and the East Coast waters of the United States: an overview. An internal report to NOAA's Highly Migratory Species Division. NOAA Fisheries Narragansett Lab, 28 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, RI.

Joyce, W.N., Campana, S.E., Natanson, L.J., Kohler, N.E., Pratt, H.L. Jr., Jensen, C.F. 2002. Analysis of Stomach Contents of the Porbeagle Shark (Lamna nasus Bonnaterre) in the Northwest Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 59:1263-1269.

Kneebone, J. 2005. Validated age and growth estimates for the tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, in the western North Atlantic. Master's Thesis University of New Hampshire, 75pp.

Kneebone J., L.J, Natanson, A.H. Andrews, and W.H. Howell. 2008. Using bomb radiocarbon analyses to validate age and growth estimates for the tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, in the western North Atlantic. Mar Biol (Berl). 154:423-434.

Kohler, N.E. 1987. Aspects of the feeding ecology of the blue shark in the western North Atlantic. PhD Dissertation, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI.

Kohler, N.E., J.G. Casey and P.A. Turner. 1995. Length-weight relationships for 13 species of sharks from the western North Atlantic. 1995. Fish. Bull. 93: 412-418.

Kohler, N.E., J.G. Casey, and P.A. Turner. 1998. NMFS Cooperative Shark Tagging Program, 1962-1993: Atlas of shark tag and recapture data. Marine Fisheries Review 60:1-87.

Kohler, N.E. and L.J. Natanson. 1990. Shark Research: NMFS tracks shark movements. At the Bay Campus, URI Graduate School of Oceanography Alumni Newsletter. 1990 9(2).

Kohler, N.E. and P.A. Turner. 2001. Shark tagging: a review of conventional methods and studies. Environmental Biology of Fishes 60:191-223.

Kohler, N.E. and P.A. Turner. 2002. Tag and recapture data for the blacktip shark, Carcharhinus limbatus, in the western North Atlantic. NOAA-NMFS SEW Document.

Kohler, N.E. and P.A. Turner. 2007. Small Coastal Shark 07 SEDAR Data Workshop Document: Preliminary mark/recapture data for four species of small coastal sharks in the western North Atlantic. SEDAR 13-DW-23.

Kohler, N.E., and P.A. Turner. 2008. Stock structure of the blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the North Atlantic Ocean based on tagging data. In: E.K. Pikitch and M. Camhi (eds.), Sharks of the Open Ocean, Blackwell Scientific, Proceedings of the International Pelagic Shark Workshop, Monterey CA.

Kohler, N.E., P.A. Turner, and R. Briggs. 2005. Large Coastal Shark 05/06 SEDAR Data Workshop Document: Preliminary tag and recapture data for the sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, and the blacktip shark, Carcharhinus limbatus, in the western North Atlantic. LCS05/06-DW-29.

Kohler, N.E., P.A. Turner, and R. Briggs. 2010. Preliminary Mark/Recapture Data for the Sandbar Shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus), Dusky Shark (C. obscurus), and Blacknose Shark (C. acronotus) in the Western North Atlantic. SEDAR 21 DW-38.

Kohler, N.E., P.A.Turner, J.J. Hoey, L.J. Natanson, and R. Briggs. 2002. Tag and recapture data for three pelagic shark species: blue shark (Prionace glauca), shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus), and porbeagle (Lamna nasus) in the North Atlantic Ocean. Collected Volume Scientific Papers ICCAT, 54(4):1231-1260.

Lucas, Z. and Natanson, L.J. 2010. Two shark species involved in predation on seals at Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. Proc. of the Nova Scotian Inst. of Sci. 45: pt 2:64-88.

McCandless, C.T. 2005. Relative abundance trends for juvenile sandbar sharks in Delaware Bay. Southeast Data, Assessment, and Review 11, Data Workshop Document 30.

McCandless, C.T. 2007. Juvenile abundance in a summer nursery and ontogenetic changes in the distribution and migrations of sandbar sharks. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island

McCandless, C.T. 2010. Standardized catch rates for juvenile sandbar sharks caught during NMFS COASTSPAN longline surveys in Delaware Bay. Southeast Data Assessment and Review 21, Data Workshop Document 27.

McCandless, C.T. and C.N. Belcher. 2010. Standardized catch rates for sandbar and blacknose sharks caught during the Georgia COASTSPAN and GADNR red drum longline surveys. Southeast Data, Assessment, and Review 21, Data Workshop Document 29.

McCandless, C.T. and B. Frazier. 2010. Standardized catch rates for sandbar and blacknose sharks caught during the South Carolina COASTSPAN and SCDNR red drum surveys. Southeast Data, Assessment, and Review 21, Data Workshop Document 30.

McCandless, C.T. and J.J. Hoey. 2010 Standardized Catch Rates of Sandbar and Dusky Sharks from Historical Exploratory Longline Surveys Conducted by the NMFS Sandy Hook, NJ and Narragansett, RI Labs. 2010 SEDAR 21 DW-31.

McCandless, C.T., N.E. Kohler, and H.L. Pratt, Jr. (eds). 2007. Shark nursery grounds of the Gulf of Mexico and the east coast waters of the United States. AFS Symposium Volume 50, Bethesda, MD.

McCandless, C.T. and L.J. Natanson. 2010 Standardized Catch Rates for Sandbar and Dusky Sharks Caught during the NEFSC Coastal Shark Bottom Longline Survey. 2010 SEDAR 21 DW-28.

McCandless, C.T., H.L. Pratt, Jr., N.E. Kohler, R.R. Merson, and C.W. Recksiek. 2007. Distribution, localized abundance, movements, and migrations of juvenile sandbar sharks tagged in Delaware Bay. AFS Symposium Volume 50.

McCandless, C.T., G.F. Ulrich, C. Hendrix, and B. Frazier. 2007. Standardized catch rates of small coastal sharks from the South Carolina COASTSPAN and SCDNR red drum surveys. Southeast Data Assessment and Review 13, Data Workshop Document 30.

McElroy, W.D, B.M. Wetherbee,C.S. Mostello, C.G. Lowe,G.L. Crow and R.C. Wass. 2006. Food habits and ontogenetic changes in the diet of the sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, in Hawaii. Environ Biol Fish (2006) 76:81-92.

McElroy, W.D. 1999. Diet, Feeding Ecology, Trophic Relationships, Morphometric Condition, and Ontogeny for the Sandbar Shark and Smooth Dogfish within the Delaware Bay Estuary. 1999. Dissertation, Department of Animal and Veterinary Science, College of Environmental and Life Sciences, URI, Kingston, RI.

Mello, J.J. 2000. Age and growth of the porbeagle shark, Lamna nasus, in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Master's Thesis. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island. 154p.

Merson, R.R. 1998. Nursery grounds and maturation in the sandbar shark in the Western North Atlantic. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI. 150 pp.

Merson, R.R. and H.L. Pratt, Jr. 2001. Distribution, movements and growth of young sandbar sharks, Carcharhinus plumbeus, in the nursery grounds of Delaware Bay. Environmental Biology of Fishes 61:13-24.

Merson, R.R. and H.L. Pratt, Jr. 2007. Sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus nurseries in New Jersey and New York: Evidence of northern pupping grounds along the United States east coast. AFS Symposium Volume 50.

Mollet, H.F., G. Cliff, H.L. Pratt, Jr. and J.D. Stevens. 2000. Reproductive biology of the female shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810, with comments on the embryonic development of lamnoids. Fish. Bull. 98: 299-318.

Natanson, L.J. 1993. Effect of temperature on band deposition in the little skate, Raja erinacea. Copeia 1993 (1):199-206.

Natanson, L.J. 2002. Preliminary investigations into the age and growth of the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus, white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, and thresher shark, Alopias vulpinus, in the Western North Atlantic Ocean. Col.Vol.Sci.Pap. ICCAT, 54 (4): 1280-1293.

Natanson, L.J., J.G. Casey, and N.E. Kohler. 1995. Age and growth of the dusky shark, Carcharhinus obscurus, in the western North Atlantic. Fishery Bulletin 93:116-126.

Natanson, L.J., J.G. Casey, N.E. Kohler, and T. Colket, IV. 1999. Age and growth of the tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, in the western North Atlantic with tetracycline analysis and a note on the effects of tagging on growth. Fishery Bulletin 97:944-953.

Natanson, L.J., N.E. Kohler, D. Ardizzone, G.M. Cailliet, S.P. Wintner, and H.F. Mollet. 2006. Validated age and growth estimates for the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus, in the North Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Biology of Fishes 77:367-383.

Natanson, L.J., J.J. Mello, and S.E. Compana. 2002. Validated age and growth of the porbeagle shark, Lamna nasus, in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Fishery Bulletin 100:266-278.

Natanson, L.J., J.A. Sulikowski, J. Kneebone, and P.C. Tsang 2007 Age and growth estimates for the smooth skate, Malacoraja senta, in the Gulf of Maine. Environ. Biol. Fish. 80: 293-308.

Natanson, L.J., S.P. Wintner, F. Johansson, A. Piercy, P. Campbell, A. De Maddalena, S.J.B. Gulak, B. Human, F.C. Fulgosi, D.A. Ebert, F. Hemida, F.H. Mollen, S. Vanni, G.H. Burgess, L.J.V. Compagno, and A. Wedderburn-Maxwell. 2008. Ontogenetic Vertebral Growth Patterns in the Basking Shark, Cetorhinus maximus. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 361:267-278.

Pank, M., M. Stanhope, L. Natanson, N.E. Kohler and M. Shivji. 2001. Rapid and simultaneous identification of body parts from the morphologically similar sharks Carcharhinus obscurus and Carcharhinus plumbeus (Carcharhinidae) using multiplex PCR. Marine Biotechnology 3:231-240.

Portnoy, D. S., J.R. McDowell, C.T. McCandless, J.A. Musick, and J.E. Graves. 2008. Effective size closely approximates census size in the heavily exploited western Atlantic population of the sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus. Conservation Genetics. doi:10.1007/s10592-008-9771-2.

Pratt, H.L., Jr. and J.C. Carrier. 2007. The nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum mating and nursery habitat in the Dry Tortugas, Florida. AFS Symposium Volume 50.

Pratt, H.L., Jr. and J.G. Casey. 1983. Age and growth of the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus, using four methods. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 40(11):1944-1957.

Pratt, H.L., Jr. 1979. Reproduction in the blue shark, Prionace glauca. Fish. Bull. 77:445-470.

Pratt, H.L., Jr. 1996. Reproduction in the Male White Shark, Carcharodon carcharias. Chapt. 13, pp. 131-138 In: Great White Sharks, The Biology of Carcharodon carcharias. Kimley, A. P. and D. G. Ainley, eds. Academic Press, 1996. 517 pages. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Biology of the White Shark, Bodega Marine Lab., Bodega, CA, 4 March 1993.

Pratt, H.L., Jr. and J.G. Casey. 1990. Shark reproductive strategies as limiting factors in directed fisheries, with a review of Holden's method of estimating growth parameters. In: H.L. Pratt, Jr., S.H. Gruber and T. Taniuchi (eds). 1990. Elasmobranchs as Living Resources: Advances in the Biology, Ecology, Systematics, and Status of the Fisheries. NOAA Tech. Rep. 90; pp. 97-110.

Pratt, H.L., Jr. and S. Tanaka. 1994. Sperm Storage in Male Elasmobranchs: A Description and Survey. J. Morph. 219(3):297-304.

Rechisky, E.L. and B.M. Wetherbee. 2003. Short-term movements of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus) in Delaware Bay. Environmental Biology of Fishes 68:113-128.

Schulze-Haugen, M., T. Corey and N. E. Kohler. 2003. Guide to Sharks, Tunas, & Billfishes of the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. RI Sea Grant/NMFS.

Shafer, T.C. 1970. Migration and distribution of the spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias L.) in the western North Atlantic. Master's Thesis. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI. 45 pp.

Shivji, M.S., M. Pank, L.J. Natanson, N.E. Kohler, and M.J. Stanhope. 2008. Case Study: Rapid Species Identification of Pelagic Shark Tissues Using Genetic Approaches. In: Sharks of the Open Ocean: Biology, Fisheries and Conservation. Eds. M. Camhi, E.K. Pikitch, and E. Babcock. Fish. Aquatic Resources Series 13: 536 pp.

Shivji, M., C. Tagliaro, L Natanson, N.E. Kohler, S.O. Rogers and M. Stanhope. 1996 Utility of ribosomal DNA ITS2 for deriving shark species-diagnostic identification markers. Aquaculture Biotechnology Symposium Proceedings. E.M. Donaldson and D.D. MacKinlay eds. International Conference Biology Fishes. 7/14-18, 1996. p87-93.

Skomal, G.B. 1990. Age and growth of the blue shark, Prionace glauca, in the North Atlantic. Master's Thesis. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI. 82 p.

Skomal, G.B. and L.J. Natanson. 2003. Age and growth of the blue shark, Prionace glauca, in the North Atlantic Ocean. Fishery Bulletin 101:627-639.

Sulikowski JA, A.M. Ciciaa, J.R. Kneebone, L.J. Natanson, and P.C.W. Tsang. 2009. Age and size at sexual maturity of the smooth skate, Malacoraja senta, from the western Gulf of Maine. J Fish Biol. 75(10); 2832-2838.

Schwartz, F.J., C. T. McCandless, and J.J. Hoey. 2010. Standardized Catch Rates for Blacknose, Dusky and Sandbar Sharks Caught during a UNC Longline Survey Conducted between 1972 and 2009 in Onslow Bay, NC. SEDAR 21 DW-33.

Stillwell, C.E. and N.E. Kohler. 1982. Food, feeding habits, and estimates of daily ration of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the northwest Atlantic. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 39: 407-414.

Stillwell, C.E., and N.E. Kohler. 1985. Food and feeding ecology of the swordfish, Xiphias gladius, in the western North Atlantic with estimates of daily ration. Marine Ecology Progress Series 22:239-247.

Stillwell, C.E., and N.E. Kohler. 1993. Food habits of the sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, off the U.S. northeast coast, with estimates of daily ration. Fishery Bulletin, U.S. 91:138-150.

Tallack, S., P. Rago, T. Brawn, S. Cadrin, J. Hoey, and L. Taylor Singer. 2005. Proceedings of a workshop to review and evaluate the design and utility of fish mark-recapture projects in the northeastern United States: October 19-21, 2004; Nonantum Resort, Kennebunkport, Maine. Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 05-02.

Ulrich, G.F., C.M. Jones, W.B. Driggers III, M. Drymon, D. Oakley, and C. Riley. 2007. Habitat utilization, relative abundance and seasonality of sharks in the estuarine and nearshore waters of South Carolina. AFS Symposium 50.

Wetherbee, B.M., E. L. Rechisky, H.L. Pratt Jr., & C.T. McCandless. 2001. Use of ultrasonic telemetry for fishery management: sandbar sharks in Delaware Bay. P. 249-262 In: Electronic tagging and tracking in marine fisheries. Reviews: Methods & Technologies in Fish Biology & Fisheries. Vol. 1. J. Sibert & J. Nielson, eds., Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Wood, A.D. 2007. Population dynamics of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the Northwest Atlantic: an examination of food habits, migration and population size. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, Rhode Island.

Wood, A.D., J.S. Collie, and N.E. Kohler. 2007. Estimating survival of the shortfin mako Isurus oxyrinchus (Rafinesque) in the north-west Atlantic from tag-recapture data. J. Fish. Biol. 71: 1679-1695.

Wood A.D., B.W. Wetherbee, C. Wilga, N.E. Kohler, and F. Juanes. 2009. Recalculated diet and daily ration of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus), with a focus on quantifying predation on bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Fish Bull. 107(1): 76-88.

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