To about 9 ft (2.7 m).
- Mouth near tip of snout with conspicuous nasal barbels on each side; deep grooves connecting nostrils with mouth
- First and second dorsal and anal fins broadly rounded; second dorsal fin nearly as large as first dorsal fin
- First dorsal fin originating well behind pectoral fins and over or behind origin of pelvic fins
- Caudal fin with no distinct lower lobe
- Color dark brown to yellow-brown above; lighter below, occasionally with yellowish hue on underside; juveniles often with black spots
- Very small eyes
- No interdorsal ridge
Rhode Island to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Rare north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
Coastal; bottom dwelling; often in or close to coral reefs; young in very shallow water; adults in progressively deeper water.
Text descriptions taken from:
Guide to Sharks, Tunas, & Billfishes
of the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico