Species References: Ocean Quahog

Bennett, J.T., K.K. Turekian, W.J. Shaul, and J.W. Ropes. 1982. Using natural radionuclides to measure shell growth rates and ages of the bivalves Arctica islandica (Linn) and Panope generosa (Gould). J. Shellfish Res. 2:88-89 (abstract).

Jones, D.S. 1980. Annual cycle of shell growth increment formation in two continental shelf bivalves and its paleoecologic significance. Paleobiology 6:331-340.

Jones, D.S. 1981. Reproductive cycles of the Atlantic surf clam Spisula solidissima, and the ocean quahog Arctic islandica off New Jersey. J. Shellfish Res. 1:23-32.

Loosanoff, V.L. 1953. Reproductive cycle in Cyprina islandica. Biol. Bull. (Woods Hole) 104: 146-155.

Mann, R. 1982. The seasonal cycle of gonadal development in Arctic islandica from the southern New England shelf. Fish. Bull., U.S. 80:315-326.

Merrill, A.S., and J.W. Ropes. 1969. The general distribution of surf clam and ocean quahog. Proc. Natl. Shellfish. Assoc. 59:40-45.

Murawski, S.A., J.W. Ropes, and F.M. Serchuk. 1982. Growth of the ocean quahog, Arctic islandica, in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Fish. Bull., U.S. 80:21-34.

Ropes, J.W. 1979. Biology and distribution of surf clams (Spisula solidissima) and ocean quahogs (Arctica islandica) off the northeast coast of the United States. Proc., Northeast Clam Industries: Management for the Future. Univ. Mass. and Mass. Inst. Technol., Sea Grant Coll. Prog., Cambridge, MA 02139, p. 47-66.

Ropes, J.W. 1985. Modern methods used to age oceanic bivalves. Nautilus 99:53-57.

Ropes, J.W., D.S. Jones, S.A, Murawski, F.M. Serchuk, and A. Jearld, Jr. 1984a. Documentation of annual growth lines in ocean quahogs, Arctica islandica, Linn. Fish. Bull., U.S. 82:1-19.

Ropes, J.W., S.A. Murawski, and F.M. Serchuk. 1984b. Size, age, sexual maturity, and sex ratio in ocean quahogs, Arctica islandica Linn, from off Long Island, New York. Fish. Bull., U.S. 82:253-267.

Thompson, I., D.S. Jones, and D. Deribelbis. 1980a. Annual internal growth banding and life history of the ocean quahog Arctica islandica (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 57:25-34.

Thompson, I., D.S. Jones, and J.W. Ropes. 1980b. Advanced age for sexual maturity in the ocean quahog Arctica islandica (Mollusca:Bivalvia). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 57:35-39.

Turekian, K.K., J.K. Cochran, Y. Nozaki, I. Thompson, and D.S. Jones. 1982. Determination of shell deposition rates of Arctica islandica from the New York Bight using natural 228Ra and 228Th and bomb-produced 14C. Limnol. Oceanogr. 27:737-741.

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